Averroes_3072.jpg_1306973099Averroes must have believed that reason and tradition are the two permanent poles of human life, that human beings cannot live as isolated individuals and that man is driven by nature to live in society and to think, even though the requirements of living in society and the result of free thought may not be always harmonious. Averroes, like earlier Muslim philosophers such as Alfarabi and Avicenna, learned from the death of Socrates and from Plato the lesson of how a philosopher needs to be both free and a good citizen at the same time.”

Muhsin Mahdi, “On Ibn Rushd, Philosophy and the Arab World,” Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics 16 (1996): 255-256

  • Averroes depicted here with Porphyry, the author of the Isagoge, the subject of a middle and short commentary by Averroes. commentary


Abū al-Walīd Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Rushd (1126-1198), known to the West as Averroes or as “the Commentator” for his 38 commentaries on Aristotle, was also a prominent jurist, qāḍī, theologian, and physician who lived in various cities in Andalusia (now Spain) and the Maghreb (now Morocco). He was born in Córdoba, where both his… [Read More]


Averroes may be the most prolific philosophical and scientific author of all time. His voluminous writings include 39 commentaries on Aristotle, Porphyry and Plato, numerous legal and theological writings, a still unknown number of short treatises on various philosophical, scientific, and medical topics, and a massive, encyclopedic work on the general principles of medicine. Relatively few of his works survive in their original Arabic, probably as a result of prohibitions against studying philosophy in Western Islamic lands after Averroes’ life. [Read More]

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