Community and Civil Society [1887]

Ferdinand Toennies (Margaret Hollis, trans., Jose Harris, ed., Cambridge, 2001)

Tönnies’ Community and Civil Society (first published in 1887 as Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft) is a classic of social and political theory, exploring the tension between close-knit “communities” and an emerging global market “society”.  It is a response to modernity, an exercise in social, political and moral science, and an unusual commentary on the inner character of “democratic socialism”.