A Letter Concerning Toleration [1689]

John Locke (James H. Tully, ed., Hackett, 1983)

Locke’s plea for religious toleration, first published anonymously in 1689, is the founding document for the modern tradition of religious toleration.  He argues, in contrast to Hobbes, for the strict separation of church and state, basing his argument in part on a novel interpretation of Jesus’ teaching in the Gospels.