Thompson, Norma. Herodotus and the Origins of the Political Community. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.
From the Publisher:
Norma Thompson opens a new angle of political vision in this imaginative and engaging interpretation of Herodotus’ History. She claims for the “father of history” a position in the canon of political thought, finding modern validity in his fundamental perceptions about the importance of stories to the coherence of political communities.
Thompson arrives at a unique explanation for Herodotus’ side-by-side placement of factual and fanciful historical stories. She contends that he recognized the central importance of compelling stories, even imaginary ones like the tale of Arion, the poet and singer who leaped into the sea to escape Corinthian pirates and was carried to safety on the back of a dolphin. Such stories can become the “facts” of a people’s past and thereby the core of the political community. Herodotus understood that stories define and bind together one polity as distinct from others. Further, a polity evolves in reference to its own defining story. Thompson relates Herodotus’ work to historical and cultural debate among such scholars as Martin Bernal, Francois Hartog, and Edward Said, and she invites philosophers, philologists, anthropologists, historiographers, and political theorists into the discussion.