Aristotelian Logic and the Arabic Language in Alfarabi

Alon, Ilai. Al-Fārābi’s Philosophical Lexicon. Wiltshire, England: Aris & Phillips Ltd. 2002.

Description: A competent study of one of the central themes in Alfarabi: the relationship between language and logic.

Excerpt (from introduction):

“Medieval Islamic scholars widely referred to Aristotle as the ‘First Teacher,’ evidence of the high regard in which they held the ancient Greek philosopher. The man ranked by his contemporaries in the Arab world as second only to Aristotle was a tenth-century Muslim thinker by the name of Abu Nasr Alfarabi. It was Alfarabi who comprehensively collected and systematized previous translations of the ‘first teacher’s’ writings, translations that on the whole were over-literal, and therefor at times confusing. According to Moritz Steinschneider, Alfarabi is said to have called his collection and commentary on Aristotle’s works ‘The Second Teaching,’ but it was the vigor, wisdom and sensitivity Alfarabi brought to his task and the humble, scholarly life that he led that earned him the respect of his peers and the reverent title of ‘The Second Teacher.'”