G. W. F. Hegel, 1770 - 1831

“Reason governs the world and has consequently governed its history. In relation to this Reason, which is universal and substantial, in and for itself, all else is subordinate, subservient, and the means for its actualization.”

— G. W. F. Hegel, Introduction to the Philosophy of History


Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born in Stuttgart in 1770; his father was a civil servant. He studied in Stuttgart, and after graduating from the gymnasium there he began to study philosophy and theology in the seminary in Tübingen. Among his close friends in the seminary were Friedrich Schelling and Friedrich Hölderlin who became, respectively,… [Read More]


George William Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) is among the most important of modern political thinkers and philosophers, but his work is notoriously difficult. His major work of political philosophy, the Philosophy of Right (1821), is a good introduction to Hegel’s manner of thinking. [Read More]

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